Ancona The CathedralSummary of history
Arc of Traiano
With the disintegration of the roman empire, Ancona was besieged by the Goths two times in few years, it was plundered by the Longobards, it subjected itself to the Church in order to find protection, but it could not escape the fights between papacy and empire, and was plundered by the Saracens in the 839 p.C..
After the year 1000 Ancona resumes the maritime traffics and becomes Marine Republic: this is its golden period: it makes war and it gains the common neighbors, it feeds traffics with Constantinople, it supports many sieges, it opposes itself to Federico Barbarossa and to the venetian fleet.
It fighted against Sforza, Aragons and the Turks and demonstrates large vitality of its inhabitants, shipowners, merchants, navigators, craftsmen.
The city was cosmopolite, in fact there were also original merchants of other Italian localities, expecially coming from Florence, and foreign in large part from the Levant (Turks, Armenians, Greeks, Slavics, Jewish community and a numerous colony coming from Ragusa).
It was occupied from the Malatesta and later subordinated to the papal legate cardinal Albornoz, but the people sieged the fortress and destroyed it. Around the 1500 it faces hard wars with Osimo and Jesi. In 1532 Pope Clemente VII occupies the city that does not react and a rebellion in 1534 was hardly repressed. The Marine Repubblic and the age of Free Commune were at the end.
Ancona, lost its freedom, becomes subjected to the State of the Church, than wanted to transform the town as military bastion against the Turks (therefore military town and not trade town). The representatives of the more powerful families were exiled or executed, the town had a serious economic crisis and become depopulated until the minimal limit of 7000 inhabitants. In 1732 the "free port" was instituted, then the port was restored and it was constructed the Contagious disease hospital (il lazzaretto) by Vanvitelli. In the 1797 Napoleon enters the city with the enthusiasm of the giacobins and the Hebrew, but the enthusiasm finished almost immediately: in 1799 the Russians, the Turks, the Austrians besieged the city and drive away the Frenchmen, which in the meantime they had subtracted all kinds of masterpieces of art and of payments. After alternate predominance between papacy and Frenchmen, with the restoration of year 1815 the papal power became stabilized. In the 1817 Carbonarism tries a conspiracy but it fails. The modern history is identified with Italy. Important port in Adriatic, but also important for industry and commerce. It has about 100000 inhabitants
S. Maria della PiazzaWhat to see
Carlo Crivelli - Madonna con Bambino -Pinacoteca